As underlined by the recently published report by the first working group of the IPCC AR6, greenhouse gas emissions must be reduced rapidly in all domains of our economies. Industrial policy in the twenty-first century must aim to achieve zero emissions in the energy and emissions intensive industries. Sectors such as steel, cement, and chemicals have largely been sheltered from the effects of climate policy. A major shift is needed, from industrial policy that mainly protects industry to strategies that transform the industry, write a group of authors led by professor Lars J Nilsson and including several other IMES researchers.
Drawing on a wide range of literatures the authors propose a comprehensive industrial policy framework to deal with this new challenge. The policy framework relies on six pillars: directionality, knowledge creation and innovation, creating and reshaping markets, building capacity for governance and change, international coherence, and sensitivity to socio-economic implications of phase-outs.
Through this paper the authors hope to advance the debate on what can and should be done in the policy realm to push and support the development towards zero emissions in the industrial sector. The paper is published open access and freely available in Climate Policy journal.